Acne is a common physiological and pathological condition of the skin that is quite common among age group between 12 year to 27year with oily skin.
Acne is vey commonly found on the face, chest & back. The oil or sebum produced by the sebaceous glands starts presnting on the external layer of skin right after puberty. The bacteria ,fungi present in the in the dermal layers of the hair follicle under the sebum release a chemical that reacts with the sebum itself that leads to the release of another chemical to form a pimple. The skin around the hair follicle become red and inflamed. Large painful swellings called cysts and nodules may develop & lead to scarring. These scars can either be depressed & sunken or bulging & hard.
Among several known causes of acne, the most prevalent theory is that of hormonal change in the human body.
Acne occurs differently in different people and can involve different form of lesion (blackheads, pimples, cyst-like pimples and whiteheads), different affected body parts (face, neck, chest, shoulders and back) and resolve in different ways (scars, redness and darker skin). A customized treatment approach to your acne is what we at SQIN Skin Care Clinic specialize in. acne can affect more than just your skin, it affects your self-confidence and worth. Seek treatment today so that we can get your soft and supple skin back, thus restoring your confidence
COMMON SKIN GROWTHS
As our skin progresses through our life, it has a tendency to accumulate different types of spots. Many of these spots are commonplace and easily recognized during your evaluation. The following is a list of some of these common skin lesions.
A Skin Tag (Acrochordon) is a small benign tumour which is found commonly in areas where the skin forms creases (neck, armpit and groin) and eyelids. The size of a skin tag is usually that of a grain of rice. Skin tags usually occur due to skin rubbing up against the skin and are therefore found in skin creases and folds. Usually harmless, they are most often removed for cosmetic or aesthetic reasons.
Treatment usually involves the following procedures:
Cauterization – the skin tag is removed by burning it with the help of electrolysis.
Cryosurgery – the removal of the skin tag is done by freezing off the tag with the help of a probe containing liquid nitrogen.
Ligation – The blood supply to the skin tag is interrupted.
Excision – In excision, the skin tag is removed by cutting it off with a scalpel.
These procedures need to be performed by Dermatologist
Blood Vessel Related Lesions
Broken blood vessels can be seen as red veins present on the chin, cheeks or the nose. Causal factors may include childbirth, pregnancy, use of birth control pills, UV exposure etc. The most common and effective treatment for blood vessel lesions is PDL Laser treatment. In PDL Laser treatment, the visible blood vessels are removed by light absorbed by the blood that destroys the vessel. The vessel then disappears restoring the skin’s natural appearance. Laser treatments are very safe and produce gradual results. While large veins may require multiple treatments, smaller ones may only require a single laser treatment. This form of treatment is safe and has very few side effects. However, temporary discolouration lasting Seven to fourteen days may be caused due to laser treatment. Blistering, crusting etc. of the affected skin may also occur, but usually disappears in a few days. Sunscreen must be used on the treated area to hasten the healing process.
These are the benign lesions that most commonly occur on the face in infants and even mature adults, particularly females around the eye. They are the pinpoint white spots also known as “milk spots” that does not easily go away. At SQIN Skin Care Clinic these spots are effectively treated.
These are benign, lesions that are yellow in colour and occur around the eyes in adults, particularly in females. They can be a sign of internal problems relating to cholesterol Treatments options are laser electrocautary and peel. All are available at the SQIN clinic.
A cyst can be explained as a cluster of cells which have grouped together to form a sac. The cells which form the shell of this sac are very distinctly abnormal as compared to the cells in the surrounding location. They may contain fluids air or even semi-solid material. Cysts usually vary in size- ranging from microscopic to the size of a ball whereas large cysts can displace internal organs.
Most cysts are benign caused due to plugged ducts or natural body outlets for secretions. However, some cysts may be tumours and are potentially malignant.
Symptoms of cysts vary according to the type and site of cyst. Mostly, the patient will become aware of an abnormal lump. Cysts in the brain cause headaches cysts in the mammary gland may be painful and internal cysts may not have any obvious symptoms and may only be visible through an MRI, CAT scan or Ultrasound.
treatment : surgery
These lesions can be pigmented or skin-coloured, can be present at birth or develop through adulthood, and not cause trouble or sometime become a cosmetic problem. Sometime they can be associated with Melanoma.
Keloids are overgrowths of scar tissues occurring at the site of a skin injury. They usually occur in areas where trauma, vaccinations, acne, surgery blisters or body piercings lead to injured skin. In rare cases, Keloids can be found in areas where there are no visible injuries. Keloids are different from normal scars in form of their size and composition. The etiological factors contributing to the growth of Keloids is idiopathic. injuries. It has been observed that some people are more prone to the development of Keloids than others..
Warts are the benign skin growths that can occur anywhere on the body, which includes mouth and genital areas due to humen papilloma virus. Adults who are sexually active and immunosuppressed person and children tend to get several lesions. They develop when the human papillomavirus, infects the top layers of your skin. Usually warts exhibit no symptoms, they can, however, itch or pain occasionally (especially on the sole of your feet). there are different form of wart like plana fillifom vulgaris .It is necessary that these lesions are treated because they are infectious, and spread with the direct contact. some form of humen papilloma virus can cause squamous cell carcinoma.
Eczema is a very common condition of the skin that tends to affect the any indivisual. . Intense itching (pruritus) is the often the only symptom seen in this condition. The skin in Eczema becomes quite dry (xerotic) and sensitive, that needs proper care and attention.there are so many type of eczema like hand and foot eczema, pompholyx photodermatitis etc
it is very common condition which is mostly started from birth or age of 2year. Most common age group is 2 year to 12 year. Skin is dry and very sensitive. they are very prone to allergy and infection. skin should be maintain soft by proper emolient
Dandruff / Seborrhic dermatitis
Dandruff is white flake of skin due to dry skin or excessive oily skin. eczema occur due to dandruff known as Seborrheic dermatitis. It is a commonly occurs in infants adolescents and adult with very dry or oily skin . It tends to be a common condition that varies in nature but remains mild . The scalp is to be the most affected and it can also affect the face (mostly eyebrow, eyelid, internasal ) and chest. Itching redness and flaking are often the major symptoms of this condition
The medical term given for hives is urticaria. They appear in the form of itchy wheals on the skin associated with angioedema . There are two categories of urticaria depending on duration acute (less than 6 weeks) and chronic (more than 6 weeks). Depending on the cause there are so many type of urticaria like a idiopathic, physical, pressure, solar, aquagenic, autoimmune etc.
Dermatology patients suffer through the most common symptoms of prickling or, the sense of itching. It is a multiplex sensation causing from multiple infectous mechanisms that usually cannot be characteristic to one specific cause or disease. It can be totally harmful affecting the quality of life.
The sun has a significant and profound effect on the skin. Some changes caused due to sun exposure are as follows:
Premature Skin Aging: The exposure to Ultraviolet rays of the sun also called UV exposure accounts for most premature skin ageing.
Other Skin Changes: Exposure to UV rays can lead to two common types of skin changes. The first one being thick skin in coarse wrinkles, especially on the back of the neck (cutis Rhomboidalis nuchae). The other one can be thining of the skin causing fine wrinkles, tearing of the skin as well as bruising. Other skin changes due to UV exposure can be seen as tiny blood vessels appearing on the skin, particularly covering the facial area. Changes in skin colour are also very common. UV exposure can lead to pigment changes visible as brown spots (solar lentigos), small white spots(guttate hypomelanosis), freckles as well as red areas on the side of the neck (poikiloderma of Civatte). Moles are also commonly visible in areas exposed to the sun.
Skin cancer: It refers to the abnormal growth of skin cells, commonly developed on the skin due to exposure to the sun. Protecting your skin from sun damage – Sun avoidance and persistent sunscreen use are widely endorsed by various medical organizations and individuals with the common goal of skin cancer prevention. A sunburn is caused by an overexposure of your skin to too much ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun.
Rosacea refers to the chronic inflammatory of skin condition that normally appears as the blushing or appearance of flushing of the cheeks and nose, that can spread to the chin, forehead, chest, neck and back and the ears. Rosacea can grow up into persistent erythema (redness), cystic nodules, papules, and pustules. More severe cases can advance into rhinophyma, where the oil glands present in the skin become swelled that makes the nose larger and the cheeks puffier. Some patients never experience papules, pustules or cystic nodules and only face the complexities of persistent erythema and telangiectasias (tiny blood vessels). Only half of the patients face eye troubles due to rosacea termed as “ocular rosacea”. This can result in dryness in the eye and burning and feeling of having something in your eyes.
Rosacea can occur in any age group including children, however, a fair-skinned adult between the ages of 30 and 50 are more prone to this condition. Patients suffering rosacea need to carefully choose their skin care products as wrong products can make your condition worst. Treatment regimens are planned as per the individual condition that helps in limiting the progression of this condition. Right education on how to avoid contact with all is also important.
A wart is a skin disorder that is marked by benign growth and is caused by an infection from the human papillomavirus. The warts are non-metastatic and are treated mainly because of their unsightly appearance and because they tend to spread to other areas on the skin. Depending on the area, treatment of warts includes destroying the outer layer of the skin where the wart grows. This may be done using surgery, freezing (using liquid Nitrogen) or through the use of chemicals by injecting them into warts. Generally, multiple treatments are used to get rid of warts. More often than not, these warts reappear.
• Cold Sores/Fever Blisters
Cold sores, that are commonly termed as fever blisters, are a result of an infection of the Herpes simplex virus. This virus can cause infection in any part of the skin, that includes genitals as well. After this infection begins, the virus tends to enter a dormant phase underneath the skin. Periodically, the virus comes forth in the form of infection in the same area. The lesion that appears as a bunch of tiny blisters that break, leaving behind a sore that slowly heals in about 7 days. New medications speed up the healing process and when taken regularly, can avert its recurrence.
Shingles, which are commonly referred to as zoster, is a type of viral infection. This condition can arise at any age but is more common in older age The lesions come forth in the form of painful blisters that are present ony in one half of the body without ever crossing the centre line. The rash often clears up after several weeks but pain remains. If medication is started early then the rash is more likely to heal with a subsequent decrease in pain.
Psoriasis & Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriasis is a chronic condition that is mediated by one’s own immune system and causes inflammation of the skin. It affects more than 2% of the entire population. The main causes of this condition are genetic factors, environmental factors. However, the main cause of this condition is idiopathic and not completely understood. Skin, all over your body can be affected but is absent in mucous membranes.
Psoriasis is now not only considered exclusively to be a skin-only condition, but has several related comorbidities. It has has been estimated that up to 25% of patients develop arthritis, and imposes a risk factor for metabolic complications.